Recommendation B.141)
TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS FOR INFORMATION
QUANTITIES IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS
The CCITT,
considering
(a) that in telecommunications data transmission is more and more widely
used;
(b) that the ISO is the international organization concerned with
standardization in the field of data processing;
(c) that IEC Technical Committee No. 25 has requested the CMV to assist
with the definition of letter symbols for terms and units used in data
communication,
recommends
(1) that the CCIs should use the terms "bit", "baud", "shannon", "byte" and
"N-bit byte" with the definitions established by the ISO and the ITU and
appearing in Annex A;
(2) that the term "bit" is synonymous with "binary digit" and is also used
in the letter symbol for this unit; the term being an abbreviation of the English
term "binary digit" and being adopted also in French and Spanish; for multiples
of this unit and for derived units the letter symbols kbit, Mbit, kbit/s should
be used;
(3) that the unit "baud" should have as its letter symbol Bd with possible
multiples of kBd and MBd;
(4) that the unit "shannon" should have as its letter symbol Sh;
(5) that for the terms "byte" it is the task of the ISO to provide the
letter symbol it judges to be necessary. In the meantime this term and its
multiples should be written in full in the documents and texts of the CCIs. For
example 10 kilo-bytes, 1 mega-byte. The term "N-bit byte" has no multiples.
ANNEX A
(to Recommendation B.14)
A.1 binary digit, bit
F: ‚l‚ment binaire, bit
S: digito binario, bit
A member of a set of two elements commonly used to represent information.
Note - In the interest of clarity, it is recommended that the term "bit"
shall not be used in two-condition start-stop modulation instead of
"unit-element".
A.2 binary digit rate, bit rate
F: d‚bit binaire
S: velocidad binaria
The number of binary elements transferred in a time interval divided by
that time.
Note: - The binary digit rate is expressed in bits per second (bit/s) and
multiples of this unit.
A.3 baud (symbol: Bd)
F: baud (symbole: Bd)
S: baudio (s¡mbolo: Bd)
The unit of modulation rate in telegraphy and data communication or the
unit of line digit rate in digital transmission; when expressed in terms of this
unit, the modulation rate or line digit rate equals the reciprocal of the
duration in seconds of the shortest signal element or of the unit interval in a
digital signal composed of signal elements of constant duration.
Example - If the duration of the unit interval is 20 milliseconds, the
modulation rate is 50 bauds.
A.4 shannon
F: shannon
S: shannon
A unit of logarithmic measure of information equal to the decision content
of a set of two mutually exclusive events expressed as a logarithm to base two.
Example: The decision content of a character set of eight characters
equals 3 shannons (log2 8 = 3).
A.5 byte octet, 8-bit byte
F: octet
S: octeto (byte)
1) A similar text will be submitted to the CCIR as a revision of Recommendation 607-1.
Fascicle I.3 - Rec. B.14 PAGE1
An ordered set of 8 binary digits operated upon as an entity.
A.6 n-bit byte
F: multiplet n-uplet
S: multibit n-bit
An ordered set of a specified number of binary digits operated upon as an
entity.
Note - This definition is compatible with the definition of ISO (Data
Processing - Vocabulary, Part 4: Data Organization).
PAGE2 Fascicle I.3 - Rec. B.14